Friday, January 15, 2021

JANUARY - 2021 GET OUT & SHOW HOBBY : PRO Digi Contest: 1200Z, Jan 16 to 1159Z, Jan 17 - Feld Hell Sprint: 2000Z, Jan 16 to 0559Z, Jan 17


join  60m cw  net   5.348   9 pm  est
EVENT: DAY of the YL's
   When:   MAY 8-9 2021     in memory of F5ISY - Carine DUBOIS

Rules can be found >
Hungarian DX Contest: 1200Z, Jan 16 to 1159Z, Jan 17
 Geographic Focus:Worldwide
 Mode:CW, SSB
 Bands:160, 80, 40, 20, 15, 10m
 Classes:Single Op All Band (CW/SSB)(Low/High)
Single Op All Band Mixed (QRP/Low/High)
Single Op Single Band
Single Op 3 Band
 Max power:HP: 1500 watts
LP: 100 watts
QRP: 5 watts
 Exchange:HA: RS(T) + 2-letter county
non-HA: RS(T) + Serial No.
 Work stations:Once per band per mode
 QSO Points:2 points per QSO with same continent
5 points per QSO with different continent
10 points per QSO with HA station
 Multipliers:Each Hungarian county, once per band
Each DXCC+WAE country, once per band
 Score Calculation:Total score = total QSO points x total mults
 Submit logs by:1200Z January 22, 2021
 E-mail logs to:(none)
 Upload log at:
 Mail logs to:(none)
 Find rules at:
PRO Digi Contest: 1200Z, Jan 16 to 1159Z, Jan 17
 Geographic Focus:Worldwide
 Bands:80, 40, 20, 15, 10m
 Classes:Single Op All Band (QRP/Low/High)
Single Op Single Band
Digi Club Member (see rules)
 Max power:High: >100 watts
Low: 100 watts
QRP: 5 watts
 Exchange:Digi Club Member: RST + Serial No. + "/M"
non-Members: RST + Serial No.
 Work stations:Once per band
 QSO Points:QSO with own country: 1 point
QSO with own continent or other continents: 2 points
QSO with Digi club member: 2 bonus points
QSO between Digi club members: 6 bonus points
 Multipliers:Each prefix outside of entrant's country once per band
 Score Calculation:Total score = total QSO points x total mults
 Submit logs by:2359Z January 24, 2021
 E-mail logs to:digi-contest[at]yo2rr[dot]ro
 Mail logs to:(none)
 Find rules at:
RSGB AFS Contest, SSB: 1300Z-1700Z, Jan 16
 Bands:80, 40m
 Classes:Single Op/Multi-Op (Low/Medium/High)
(see rules for team requirements)
 Max power:HP: 400 watts
MP: 100 watts
LP: 10 watts
 Exchange:RS + Serial No.
 QSO Points:1 point per QSO
 Score Calculation:Total score = total QSO points
 Submit logs by:2359Z January 17, 2021
 Upload log at:
 Mail logs to:(none)
 Find rules at:
RTTYOPS Weekend Sprint: 1600Z-1959Z, Jan 16
 Geographic Focus:Worldwide
 Bands:80, 40, 20, 15, 10m
 Classes:Single Op (Wires Only)
Single Op Multi-Band
Single Op Portable
Single Op Mobile
Multi-Op (Max 2 ops due to COVID-19)
 Max operating hours:4 hours
 Exchange:[other station's call] + [your call] + [serial no.] + [your name] + [6-character grid locator]
 Work stations:Once per band
 QSO Points:1 point per km between stations
500 points bonus if new 4-character locator
 Score Calculation:Total score = total QSO points + bonus points
 Submit logs by:2359Z January 23, 2021
 E-mail logs to:rtty-weekend[at]nrrlcontest[dot]no
 Mail logs to:(none)
 Find rules at:
North American QSO Party, SSB: 1800Z, Jan 16 to 0559Z, Jan 17
 Geographic Focus:North America
 Awards:North America
 Bands:160, 80, 40, 20, 15, 10m
 Classes:Single Op (QRP/Low)
Multi-Two (Low)
 Max operating hours:Single Op: 10 hours
Multi-Two: 12 hours
 Max power:LP: 100 watts
QRP: 5 watts
 Exchange:NA: Name + (state/DC/province/country)
non-NA: Name
 Work stations:Once per band
 QSO Points:NA station: 1 point per QSO
non-NA station: 1 point per QSO with an NA station
 Multipliers:Each US state/DC (including KH6/KL7) once per band
Each VE province/territory once per band
Each North American country (except W/VE) once per band
 Score Calculation:Total score = total QSO points x total mults
 Submit logs by:0559Z January 24, 2021
 E-mail logs to:(none)
 Upload log at:
 Mail logs to:Bill Lippert, AC0W
2013 6th Avenue SE
Austin, MN 55912-4321
 Find rules at:
NA Collegiate Championship, SSB: 1800Z, Jan 16 to 0559Z, Jan 17
 Geographic Focus:North America
 Awards:North America
 Bands:160, 80, 40, 20, 15, 10m
 Classes:Multi-One (Low)
 Max operating hours:12 hours
 Max power:LP: 100 watts
 Exchange:NA: Name + (state/DC/province/country)
non-NA: Name
 Work stations:Once per band
 QSO Points:NA station: 1 point per QSO
non-NA station: 1 point per QSO with an NA station
 Multipliers:Each US state/DC (including KH6/KL7) once per band
Each VE province/territory once per band
Each North American country (except W/VE) once per band
 Score Calculation:Total score = total QSO points x total mults
 Submit logs by:0559Z January 24, 2021
 E-mail logs to:(none)
 Upload log at:
 Mail logs to:Bill Lippert, AC0W
2013 6th Avenue SE
Austin, MN 55912-4321
 Find rules at:
 Note:Contest overlays NAQP Contest with logs submitted in NAQP M-2 category. See NACC rules for other differences.
ARRL January VHF Contest: 1900Z, Jan 16 to 0359Z, Jan 18
 Geographic Focus:United States/Canada
 Bands:50 MHz and up
 Classes:Single Op (Low/High)
Single Op Portable
Single Op 3 Band
Single Op FM
Limited Rover
Unlimited Rover
Limited Multi-Op
 Max power:(see rules)
 Exchange:4-character grid square
 Work stations:Once per band
 QSO Points:1 point per 50 or 144 MHz QSO
2 points per 222 or 432 MHz QSO
4 points per 902 or 1296 MHz QSO
8 points per 2.3 GHz or higher QSO
 Multipliers:Grid squares once per band
Rovers: grid squares operated from once regardless of band
 Score Calculation:Total score = total QSO points x total mults
 Submit logs by:0359Z January 28, 2021
 E-mail logs to:(none)
 Upload log at:
 Mail logs to:January VHF
225 Main St.
Newington, CT 06111
 Find rules at:
WAB 1.8 MHz Phone: 1900Z-2300Z, Jan 16
 Mode:CW, SSB
 Bands:160m Only
 Classes:Single Op (Fixed/Mobile/Portable)
Multi-Op (Fixed/Mobile/Portable)
Low Power
SWL (Fixed/Mobile/Portable)
 Max power:non-Low: >10 watts
Low: 10 watts
 Exchange:British Isles: RS + serial no. + WAB square
Other: RS + serial no. + country
 QSO Points:(see rules)
 Multipliers:(see rules)
 Score Calculation:Total score = total QSO points x total mults
 Submit logs by:January 26, 2021
 E-mail logs to:aebbooks[at]ntlworld[dot]com
 Mail logs to:Tony Beardsley, G3XKT
14 York Avenue
Sandiacre, Nottingham NG10 5HB
United Kingdom
 Find rules at:
Feld Hell Sprint: 2000Z, Jan 16 to 0559Z, Jan 17
 Geographic Focus:Worldwide
 Mode:Feld Hell
 Bands:160, 80, 40m
 Max power:Standard: 100 watts
QRP: 5 watts
 Exchange:(see rules)
 Work stations:Once per band
 QSO Points:(see rules)
Bonus Points: (see rules)
 Multipliers:(see rules)
 Score Calculation:(see rules)
 Submit logs by:January 21, 2021
 Upload log at:
 Mail logs to:(none)
 Find rules at:
Run for the Bacon QRP Contest: 2300Z, Jan 17 to 0100Z, Jan 18
 Geographic Focus:Worldwide
 Bands:160, 80, 40, 20, 15, 10m
 Classes:Single Band
All Band
 Max power:5 watts
 Exchange:RST + (state/province/country) + (Member No./power)
 Work stations:Once per band
 QSO Points:1 point per QSO with non-member
3 points per QSO with member on same continent
5 points per QSO with member on different continent
 Multipliers:Each state, province, or country once
Multiply mults by 2 if >50 members worked
 Score Calculation:Total score = total QSO points x total mults
 Submit logs by:January 24, 2021
 E-mail logs to:(none)
 Upload log at:
 Mail logs to:(none)
 Find rules at:
K1USN Slow Speed Test: 0000Z-0100Z, Jan 18
 Geographic Focus:Worldwide
 Bands:160, 80, 40, 20m
 Classes:Single Op (QRP/Low/High)
 Max power:HP: >100 watts
LP: 100 watts
QRP: 5 watts
 Exchange:Maximum 20 wpm
Name + (state/province/country)
 Work stations:Once per band
 QSO Points:1 point per QSO (starting with Jan 4 contest)
 Multipliers:Each state/province/country once per band
W/VE do not count as country mults (starting with Jan 4 contest)
 Score Calculation:Total score = total QSO points x total mults
 Submit logs by:2359Z January 20, 2021
 Post log summary at:
 Mail logs to:(none)
 Find rules at:
OK1WC Memorial (MWC): 1630Z-1729Z, Jan 18
 Geographic Focus:Worldwide
 Bands:80, 40m
 Classes:Single Op All Band (QRP/Low)
Single Op Single Band (QRP/Low)
 Max power:LP: 100 watts
QRP: 5 watts
 Exchange:RST + Serial No.
 Work stations:Once per band
 QSO Points:1 point per QSO
 Multipliers:Each last character of worked station call suffix once per band
 Score Calculation:Total score = total QSO points x total mults
 Submit logs by:0600Z January 22, 2021
 E-mail logs to:(none)
 Upload log at:
 Mail logs to:(none)
 Find rules at:

thanx so much to wa7bnm

Friday, January 1, 2021

SLOW CW 5wpm or less Sunday 8PM EST 7.045 and higher speed 13-20 at 23:30 utc & MORE nets

hello let's increase our CW skills before field day JUN 24, 2021

*Maine Slow Speed Net Training 3.585.00 1800 2300Z Daily W1QU

* ka1uln slow CW code 5wpm or less 7.045 8 pm est
download  netlogger
* ka1uln higher speed  cw net   13-20 wpm  sunday  23:30 for  30 min  7.045


here are some other CW links <<<<<<<< lots of slow speed cw nets <<<<<<<< more cw nets

please add and register with your callsign and then add ylrl as one of your groups

original posted 7/1/2017
updated 12/26/2018
updated 03/20/2019
updated 07/10/2020
updated 08/19/2020

Thursday, September 10, 2020

YL Amateur Radio - NEW 1869-1886 YL doing CW

Miss Sadie Ireton, Telephone and Telegraph Operator.   Willard Asylum, 1869 - 1886.  Willard  NY

A friend of mine  was feeling  historical and    went  to  Willard   Insane  Asylum and found a    book.  He  saw  this  YL  doinf  CW and  thought   of  me  first  thing.... "Niece  would love  to see a  YL doing  CW"
Thanx   so much  Hank  (AB2XG) for thinking  of me.   I appreciate this  information and  picture.  I wish  she  had a  callsign .. I wish we  could find  it....


I challenge anyone (especially YL's) to have one qso with a YL from every state WAS-YL?

here are the details

YLRLs Have Wonderful Certificates
For questions, information and submission on the following certificates:
Worked All States YL (WAS-YL) Worked All Continents YL (WAC-YL) YL Century Club (YLCC) DX YL YL-DXCC YL-Digital Modes
Contact the YLRL Certificate Manager:
Val Lemko VE5AQ
1125 Iroquois St. W.
Moose Jaw, Sask. Canada S6H 5C1

Worked All States YL (WAS-YL)
1. Available to any licensed Amateur in the world.
2. Contact must be made with a duly licensed YL in each of the 50 states in the U.S.
3. The District of Columbia may be counted for Maryland.
4. There are no time or band limitations.
5. In qualifying for this certificate, it is possible to work the SAME YL in each of the 50 states.
6. The list of contacts must be arranged alphabetically

Worked All Continents YL (WAC-YL)
1. Available to any licensed Amateur in the world.
2. Two-way communications must be established on the amateur radio bands with YLs on the six
continents: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania (which includes Australia and New Zealand).
3. Any and all authorized Amateur Radio bands may be used.
4. Cross-band contacts are permitted.
5. Contacts may have been made over any period of time.
6. Contacts with all six continents must be made with duly licensed women operators.
7. It is not necessary for each contact to be a different YL.
8. Submit a list of claimed contacts alphabetically arranged by continent.

YL Century Club (YLCC)
1. Available to any licensed Amateur in the world.
2. Two-way communications must be established on authorized Amateur bands, with stations, mobile or fixed, operated by 100 different licensed women Amateurs.
3. The same YL using different call letters will NOT count.
4. Any and all amateur bands may be used.
5. Contacts with YLs anywhere in the world are recognized, provided that confirmations clearly indicate the stations were operated by duly licensed women Amateur Radio operators.
6. List of claimed contacts must be arranged alphabetically by call sign.
7. Endorsements: Confirmations of contacts accompanied by an alphabetical list, as described above, from stations operated by additional YLs may be submitted for credit each time 50 additional confirmations are available. Endorsements will be made to the original certificate when application is approved.
8. Gold stickers will be awarded to applicants who have worked their additional contacts from the same country; otherwise, silver stickers will be awarded. Please indicate whether you are applying for a gold or silver sticker when submitting your application.

1. Available to licensed YL operators only, for working 25 DIFFERENT licensed women operators outside your own country, on or after April 1, 1958.
2. USA and possessions are counted as separate countries, as well as Alaska and Hawaii.
3. Any and all amateur bands may be used.
4. Contacts do not have to be with 25 different countries, just 25 different DX YLs.
5. The log must be arranged alphabetically by call sign.
6. Endorsements: Stickers will be awarded for each 10 additional DX YLs, subject to the same confirmation as above.

1. Available to any licensed Amateur in the world.
2. Two-way communications must be established on authorized Amateur bands with stations (fixed or mobile), operated by licensed YLs from 100 countries on the current ARRL list of countries.
3. Any band or mode (except cross-band contacts) maybe used.
4. The log must be arranged alphabetically by country.
5. Endorsements: After receiving the certificate, a silver sticker will be awarded for contacts with YLs in 25 additional DX countries. List requirements are the same as for the original application.

YL-Digital Mode
1. Available to any licensed Amateur in the world.
2. Two-way communications must be established on authorized Amateur bands with stations (fixed or mobile), operated by licensed YLs using digital modes only.
3. Contact must be made with 25 YLs using a digital mode (PSK31, RTTY, CW, SSTV, etc.) All contacts must be made using the same mode.
4. The log must be arranged alphabetically by call sign.
5. Endorsements: After receiving the first certificate, a sticker may be awarded for each additional digital mode in which 25 YL contacts are made. (i.e. If the first 25 contacts were made using PSK31, an endorsement may be earned for making 25 contacts with YLs using RTTY. An additional endorsement after that may be earned for CW contacts, SSTV contacts, or Hellschreiber contacts, etc.)

Continuous Membership Certificate
This certificate is available ONLY to YLRL members. It is awarded automatically to any YL who has been a member, continuously for five years. Diamond-shaped stickers are awarded for each additional five years of continuous membership.
For questions, information on the Continuous Membership Certificate, please contact the current Continuous Membership Chair:
Lois Gutshall WB3EFQ

Basic Rules Applicable To All YLRL Certificates

1. Contacts made through repeater devices or any other power relay method cannot be used for any YLRL certificate confirmation.
2. All contacts must be made FROM the same country.
3. Mail or e-mail your list of contacts only. DO NOT SEND QSL CARDS TO THE Manager! Two (2) other Amateurs must sign the list of contacts verifying that the QSL cards are in the possession of the applicant. In the case of lists submitted by e-mail, the name, callsign, and email address of two Amateurs who verified the list must be submitted with the list (signatures are not required).
4. No charge is made for certificates sent out by e-mail attachment. However, if the applicant would like a printed certificate mailed to them, they MUST send sufficient postage for first class mail or a stamped self-addressed legal-size envelope to cover the cost of mailing the certificate.
5. All certificate applications must include the date, time, callsign, YLs first name, QTH, mode, band, RST given, and RST received. Additional information may be listed in each certificate's rules, as well as the order for the contacts.
6. All inquiries should be addressed to the certificate manager.
7. Decisions of the manager regarding interpretations of the rules as here stated or later amended shall be final.
8. The certificate manager's address and e-mail address is listed in each issue of the YL Harmonics.
9. Each application must include ONLY the amount of contacts needed to receive the certificate or seal. No list containing less than the required contacts will be accepted, and any extra contacts listed will be discarded, but can be resubmitted as part of the correct number of contacts for an endorsement.
10. Each certificate may be applied for by e-mail or postal mail to the certificate manager.
11. E-mail applicants will receive their certificates as an attachment to an e-mail. The certificate will be sent in .pdf format and can be viewed and printed out using the free Adobe Reader program available for download from
12. Endorsement stickers must be applied for by mail only.

good luck





a Large even for Amateur Radio Operators to take part in Science experiment

All YLs - Please join us on Echolink for YL Ham Echolink Net every
Thursday evening at 8pm Eastern Time

(Friday 01:00UTC Winter/Friday 00:00UTC Summer)!

All YLs welcomed to participate (OMs encouraged to listen if you like)!
Look for us on Echolink ALARA Conference Node 286905.

mac logging program >>
log4om robust logging program

also the equivalent to echolink is echomac

to upgrade one option is free study guide

everyone is waiting to have a qso with YOU .. being a YL.



Here is YOUR chance to hear YL's on the ham bands.
YL numbers are growing like a tsunami (not a wave).
WE are out there.

when you are calling CQ please take a minute and specifically ask for YL's only -
you will be very surprised when you have a pileup of YL's

when you have contacted one YL in each and every state you will receive
a WAS-YL certificate. there is only a few who has completed this....
so this is my challenge to you.

if YOU know of a YL who needs help....
help her out or refer her to me KA1ULN at

if you know of a YL who has let her license expire
refer her to me KA1ULN at

if you want to know where YL's hang out try 14.288

#yearylhamradioop #hamchicksrule (thanx Katie WY7YL)

BTW: some people do not know what YL or 33 is
YL = Young Lady (female)
33 = is hello or good-bye for a YL.

Interesting YL links on the Internet

please add to one of your yl loggers.. also add YLRL to see where you come in compared to other yl's

here is another Blog by a YL


updated 5/28/2020

Tuesday, August 18, 2020

goal for all hams in next 12 months - recruit/elmer 1 youth

I challenge each and every ham in the next 12 months to recruit/elmer 1 youth.

here are some suggestions to recruit 1 young person Male or Female:
In order to work with people you can get a local temple,church, hall to do this task

1. work with boy scouts
2. work with girl scouts
3. work with your local grade/junior/high school
4. work with a youth center
4. work with your local YMCA
5. put in paper about teaching some youths ( ages )21 and under
6. do an online recruitment to teach
7. talk to parents first
8. setup a station in a very public location (take note of interested young people)

if you have any other ideas/suggestions please add them here.. or send me email

Saturday, June 20, 2020

BUDDY-UP project by KA1ULN and YOU

who is your YL buddy? 

what projects have you worked on together?
which Contests have you worked together?

do you need a YL Buddy?

Buddy-up YL's
This BUDDY-UP project is created to spark more
YL's to push their PTT button, YL's work together,


to get more YL (Young Ladies) involved in Amateur radio. (again)

here is more about my BUDDY-UP project:
GOAL: is to become a better operator with the help of a YL BUDDY

When working contests your buddy can hear you and give you feedback on how she is heard
in the pile up (this might help when trying for a successful 59 QSO by the operating station)
Can help with things like mike gain and other details like this that you the operator
cannot hear. PLEASE comment below on who is your buddy
This works on all bands.

When you hear a YL on the air please give her priority!
check out

if you have more ideas on this YL BUDDY-UP project please send them to me


Thanx so much and BUDDY-UP (with one or more YL BUDDIES.)

check this blog everyday for more updates.

ka1uln (reminder: LOG and CONFIRM all Your QSO's)

Thursday, April 30, 2020

Amateur Radio Digital Modes

So you are getting bored with CW, SSB and listening to people on the radio.

here is a Challenge: get into HF or UHF or VHF digital modes

PSK31, RTTY, JT65, FT8,  FT4 and many more (these are the more popular ones.)

here is a list of digital modes and what each mode sounds like.

all digital modes use USB (uppersideband even 160,60,80,40,30)

FLDIGI supports CW, FELD HELL, PSK31, olivia, rtty, sstv and lots more

WSJTX supports JT65, JT9, WSPR, FT8, FT4 and others

Dimension4 or NetTime  is what sync's your computer to everyone else on the frequency

it is the easy thing you have done since you got your license
all you need is the following:

1. radio hf/uhf/vhf
2 computer if no soundcard then $3.00 usb thumbdrive soundcard works
3. antenna
4. FREE software: FLDIGI, WSJTX
5. FREE software: time sync,   dimension4 or  nettime
6. (sound card interface-TNC) this converts audio to digital and back digital to audio
soundcard interface/TNC = Rigblaster or Microham or Signalink or if already in newer SDR radios

so download both pieces of software and check them out
and install them for your setup
even if you do not have all pieces stated above
just listen to 14.070 for  PSK31   or  14.074 for  FT8  and get a feel for what the software looks like
and what it is trying to do.

it just takes persistence!

make sure your ALC meter stays on 0 (if it is moving then there is something wrong!)

power out must be below 20 watts ( i use 5 watts most of the time)

a few handy websites:   shows digimode automatic propagaton reporter

if you use Ham Radio deluxe or DxLab it works with those also.

you are more than welcome to peruse everything and comment about all or any of the items.

5/7/20 List of ham radio software FREE

so download both pieces of software and check them out
and install them for your setup YOU MUST KNOW YOUR COM PORTS
even if you do not have all pieces stated above.

just listen to 14.070 or  14.074  and get a feel for what the software looks like
and what it is trying to do.



when running amateur radio digital modes all computers must be synced together
in order to have a qso. these are the 2 most popular apps to do the job. dimension 4 timesync mania timesync

73 ka1uln

Want to learn  Digital mode  for  Amateur Radio?  FT8 or FT4

the best write up was done by the  author and  creator of the mode K1JT

it is  well written and  easy to follow:  make sure you know your COM PORTS.

link  FT8 and  FT4  by  K1JT  >>>  link for wsjtx FT8 and FT4

Want to to learn a Digital mode for AMATEUR RADIO? BPSK31

First of all what is PSK:
What is PSK?
– PSK is an acronym for Phase Shift Keying. Information is transmitted
through patterns of polarity-reversals (180 degree phase shifts), hence the
– Narrow-band, low-power, soundcard-generated radioteletype mode for
keyboard chat.
– Three data rates, 31, 63 and 125 baud. Bandwidth increases with rate.
– PSK31 is the most commonly used, its data rate is close to the speed of the
average typist.
– PSK is resistant to interference but has no error control, so it's not suitable
for transfer of data files. © 2013 Eric Fowler / WV3E – All rights reserved.


Fldigi is a computer program intended for Amateur Radio Digital Modes operation using a PC (Personal Computer). Fldigi operates (as does most similar software) in conjunction with a conventional HF SSB radio transceiver, and uses the PC sound card as the main means of input from the radio, and output to the radio. These are audio-frequency signals. The software also controls the radio by means of another connection, typically a serial port.

Fldigi is multi-mode, which means that it is able to operate many popular digital modes without switching programs, so you only have one program to learn. Fldigi includes all the popular modes, such as DominoEX, MFSK16, PSK31, and RTTY.

Unusually, Fldigi is available for multiple computer operating systems; FreeBSD™; Linux™, OS X™ and Windows™.
(taken from

how to recognize the bpsk31:

Recognising the different modes comes with experience. It is a matter of listening to the signal, and observing the appearance of the signal on the tuning display. You can also practise transmitting with the transceiver disconnected, listening to the sound of the signals coming from the computer. There is also (see later paragraph) an automatic tuning option which can recognise and tune in most modes for you.

The software provides a tuning display which shows the radio signals that are receivable within the transceiver passband. Using a point and click technique with the mouse, you can click on the centre of a signal to select it, and the software will tune it in for you. Some modes require more care than others, and of course you need to have the software set for the correct mode first — not always so easy!

The RSID (automatic mode detection and tuning) feature uses a special sequence of tones transmitted at the beginning of each transmission to identify and tune in the signals received. For this feature to work, not only do you need to enable the feature in the receiver, but in addition the stations you are wishing to tune in need to have this feature enabled on transmission. Other programs also offer this RSID feature as an option.

PSK31 Frequencies In MHz,

7.040 to 7.060 for region 1 and region 3, and 7.070 for region 2 *
21.080 (although most activity can be found 10 kHz lower)

psk link  of all the  psk frequencies >>psk frequencies

for more information on  psk31 check


Antennas, Grounding, Counterpoise, etc HOW TO

This is where all information about Antennas, grounding, Counterpoises reside

this is what I refer to as the main section of the antenna.    check yours and reply here to let me know what state your coax is in?  it is wet, touching the trees, is it bent?   did you solder it perfect?

I always use the arrl antenna book when i am soldering coax.     check it out.

ps: check out


got picture from  thank you

this is a dipole I am planning on making.... (made it  and  it  worked  VERY GOOD) 1:1

Vertical Dipole for 15 Meters and would love to make one also for 10 meters.

feet = 468/28.390 = 16.50 feet 10 meters

feet = 468/21.325 = 22 feet 15 meters

I have 10 gauge shielded wire (good stuff) for verticals


here are the notes from the May 21 presentation

session May 21, 2015 echolink 8 pm Yl NFarl-r

Grounding (RODS and Ribbons)
May 21, 2015 YLRL echolink net

An effective ground system is necessary for every amateur station.
The mission of the ground system is twofold. FIRST, it reduces the possibility of electrical shocks if something in a piece of equipment should fail and the chassis or cabinet become “HOT.” If connected properly, three-wire electrical systems ground the chassis. A ground system to prevent shock hazard is generally referred to as “DC GROUND.”

The second job the ground system must perform is to provide a low-impedance path to ground for any stray RF current inside the station. Stray RF can cause equipment to malfunction and contributes to RFI problems. This low-impedance path is usually called “RF GROUND.”

The first step in building a ground system is to bound together the chassis of all equipment in your station. Ordinary hookup wire will do for a dc ground, but for a good RF ground you need a low-impedance conductor, COPPER STRAP sold as 'flashing copper,” is excellent for this application, it maybe hard to find. Braid for coaxial cable is popular choice; it is readily available, makes a low-impedance conductor, and is flexible. You see this on roofs in south and west.

Grounding straps can be run from equipment chassis to equipment chassis.1/2 copper water pipe runs entire length of operating bench. A thick braid from RG-8 cable runs from each piece of equipment to a clamp on the pipe.

After equipment is bonded to common ground bus the ground bus must be wired to a good earth ground. This run should be with heavy conductor (braid – I CALL RIBBON) should be short and direct as possible.

Drive one or more grounds rods into earth where conductor leaves the house. Ground rods-8 to 10 feet can be acquired from electrical supply house (home depot or lowe's or the like) steel with heavy copper plating.

Once rod is in ground clamp the conductor from the station ground bus to it with a clamp that can be tightened securely and will NOT RUST. Copper-plated clamps made specifically for this purpose can be found and electrical supply stores. If possible solder the connection.

ANOTHER popular station ground is the COLD (not hot) water pipe system in the building.
Length of of ground wire should be multiple of ¼ wave.

Ground noise:
Noise in ground systems can affect sensitive radio equipment. It is usually related to one of three problems:
1. Insufficient ground conductor wire
2. Loose ground connections or
3. Ground loops

liberal use lock washer and star washers is highly recommended
Ground noise can affect receive and transmitted signals

The antennas that we mount are affected by the presence of ground. At times, the ground is a reflector and at other times, it is an absorber.
The ground around the base of a quarter wave vertical antenna needs considerable help in the form of radials, if this type of antenna is to perform well.
When an antenna that is a near ground radiates, some of the energy will strike the ground and some of the energy will be reflected. The reflected energy will bounce back to the antenna and effect the pattern of current distribution in the radiator, and thus effect the pattern and the feedpoint impedance of the antenna.

After antennas, station grounding is probably the most discussed subject in amateur radio and it is also the one replete with the most misconceptions. The first thing to know is that there are three functions served by grounding in ham shacks: 1. Electrical Safety 2. Stray RF Suppression (or simply RF Grounding) 3. Lightning Protection. Each has it's own set of requirements, but not all station setups need every kind of ground. In fact, some setups don't use a ground at all! The articles on this page will help clear up some of the myths and mystery surrounding this popular topic.

Grounds fulfill three distinct functions. The best ground for one function isn't necessarily the best for another. The three are:
a. Safety ground. This protects you from a shock hazard if one of the mains or high voltage power supply wires contacts the chassis due to some kind of fault. The requirements for this ground are spelled out in your state's electrical code. I believe that most states adopt the National Electrical Code (NEC). The safety ground conductor in your wall sockets should be connected to ground according to this code, and your rig's chassis should be connected to the safety ground.

b. Lightning ground. The requirements for a ground for lightning protection are much more stringent than for a safety ground. The topic has been discussed in this group many times, and there are numerous resources available for learning how to make a ground system for lightning protection. (See the TIS Page on Lightning Protection)

c. RF ground. This is required only for certain types of antennas-- ones which require current flow to ground to complete the antenna circuit. An example is a quarter-wave vertical. One wire of the feedline connects to the base of the antenna, and the other connects to ground. The connection to ground has to have a low RF resistance, or you'll expend too much of your power heating the ground. A few radial wires will provide a moderately low loss connection. A ground rod will help a little, but the RF resistance will be high, resulting in quite a bit of loss. Chapter 8 of the ARRL Antenna Book shows the approximate trade between resistance and number of radials. If your antenna is much shorter than ¼ wavelength, you'll need many, many radials to get reasonable efficiency. If it's longer, you can get by with fewer. A ½ wavelength base-fed vertical needs only a very modest ground, and a ground rod is adequate. The requirements for various other end-fed antennas depend on their length. If you use a "complete" antenna like a dipole or a ground plane (that is, one that doesn't require your feedline to connect to ground), you don't need a RF ground, as long as you keep common-mode currents off your feedline. A "current" or "choke" balun is most commonly used for this.




Besides one lead from inside the shack, the others go to several other well spaced ground rods, a lead to the tower base (which has it's own ground system), and finally, the power company ground, which is only about a foot away.

K9WN Jake
picture is taken from k9wn

Youtube video showing how to drive a 10 foot ground rod into the ground with water.


Is Your Radio Equipment REALLY Grounded?

You may believe your radio equipment, antenna and tower are well-grounded. After all, you drove the ground rods into the earth yourself and connected the ground wire to the rods with heavy-duty clamps.

With an ohmmeter, I measured an open circuit from the ground wire to its grounding clamp! This was true for both the equipment ground outside my radio room and for the ground at the base of my beam antenna.

I do understand that contact points oxidize and their resistance increases. But the ohmmeter's needle didn't move even on the instrument's X 1000 range! I had no grounds that worked!

military handbook on grounding, bonding and shielding: A PDF download

any questions contact ag4yl or KA1ULN


what kind of grounding do you have for your station?

Do you know what grounding is used for?

Please add your comments below about YOUR ground installation.

on May 21, at 8:00 EST come hear a understand Antennas part 3
GROUNDING: radials, counterpoises, rods and ribbons

Hope all of you can make it this week! We’ll be back on Echolink Node 560686 NF4GA-R repeater or locally on 145.47MHz PL100Hz (-) offset. It’s going to be a fun and exciting net! We are looking forward to everyone participating in the fun! Here’s how

thank you

here is some great information on dipoles thanx to KK4obi

Bent Dipoles link

there is more if you click on the link

This web site is devoted primarily as a resource for amateur radio operators
to see what happens if they bend a half-wave dipole.

The performance of a dipole is highest when it is not bent. When a half-wave or full-wave dipole is bent: the gain goes down; the resonant length gets shorter; the frequency goes higher; the impedance decreases. Only when the length is three or more half-wavelengths can bending increase gain as you transition into gull-wing, half-rhombic V and rhombic antennas.

To help understand what happens to a bent dipole, you will see graphs showing the changes in Gain, Resonant Length, SWR, etc. as well as polar charts of far field radiation patterns and 3D flyover views as a bend point is moved or angle of bend changes.

1. We start with bending the ends of an ordinary center-fed dipole limited by an attic, garden, wall, etc. or to reduce turning radius. We than look at bending a dipole in the middle... up and down, side to side... to form V or L-type configurations.
See illustrations of all eleven studies at: Center-fed Dipoles.

2. The second phase looks the same set of configurations but by feeding a dipole off-center, (OCF). This an outgrowth of antenna/coax matching because of the low impedance of dipoles in the V or L-form, not for multi-band application. However, as part of this, there is a study related to feed points up to the 6th harmonic.

3. The third phase deals with slow wave antennas for size reduction- primarily for cell phones, routers, printers, remote control, as well as radio frequency identification (RFID) for merchandise or toll/parking collection- but applied to amateur radio antennas. These studies include meander, zig-zag and catenary curve methods.

4. The information presented is derived from a mixture of practical antenna prototyping and wire antenna modeling used to find out what is going on and "what happens if...". The software used is 4NEC2, a Windows compatible program based on an NEC-2/ NEC-4 core (Numeric Electromagnetics Code). It is used to create, view and check antenna designs and generate displays of radiation patterns. Of particular importance for the studies reported here is its optimizer function which automatically adjusts antenna variables to find the best Gain, Resonance, Standing Wave Ratio (SWR), Efficiency, Front-to-Back ratio or combination thereof. Its sweep function then graphs Far Field Radiation Pattern and 3D view plus Reflection Coefficient, Reactance, Impedance and Phase over the range of frequencies of interest.

here is some more information on beverage antennas w8ji thanx

beverage antennas link

My History With Beverages

I originally began experimenting with long, low, wire antennas in the 1960's. Even though I had a working mostly homebrew station, I now realize I had only a small idea what I was doing, and almost no understanding of what made antennas work.

My entry into Ham radio was from modified broadcast radios, and the very active 160-meter mobile group in Toledo, Ohio. I always thought the longer the antenna, the better the "pickup". was fascinated by the distant AM broadcast, lower shortwave, and 160-meter signals heard with long antennas. My early antennas were nothing more than hundreds or thousands of feet of very thin magnet wire, strung over tree limbs and along telephone poles (which had steel climbing pegs), all through a typical crowded 1950's suburban neighborhood. Unfortunately my early experiments were hampered by lack of room. Thin magnet wire, unwound from early-radio speaker field magnets, strung in the middle of the night through a crowded suburban neighborhood across neighbor's small lots, doesn't stay up long.

In the early 1970's, I moved to a house with several acres of woods. The soil was a very wet, sandy, black loam. A neighbor just north of me, W8FPU (Parker) was actually working a couple of VK's on 160-meters, something very rare at the time. Using information from a series of engineering lectures by John "Jack" Kuecken (now SK) and correspondence with Stew W1BB, I installed my first "real" Beverage antenna. I was delighted to find a large improvement in weak-signal reception from very simple, inexpensive, easy-to-install wire antennas. Eventually, that system evolved from a few long single wires to a two-wire reversible system. The two-wire system used two Beverages, oriented 90 degrees from each other. This gave four direction coverage. That system, with the addition of an in-phase and out-of-phase combiner, evolved into a forced-null system using just two reversible antennas. This was before binocular cores were available, and ferrite beads were just appearing. At the early date, I used a series of 73-mix beads to make my transformers, even publishing a few articles in small newsletters.

I continued to improve or refine my Beverage antennas over the years. Virtually all of my Beverage antennas now are arrays of multiple Beverages, not just single wires. While my large circle arrays of verticals, or broadside endfire arrays of verticals, are about even with two long phased Beverages, the Beverage arrays are simpler systems. Arrays of broadside Beverages remain my primary DX receiving antennas for the lowest bands. There isn't any other receiving antenna that is as simple, as easy to construct and maintain, and as foolproof as a Beverage! The only significant Beverage disadvantage is the long physical length required, and maintenance of a very long antenna. If we want significant directivity, Beverages (like all long wire arrays) require a great deal of space .

Testing and Comparing Antennas

I work a little different than many or most people when experimenting, always A-B testing and comparing antennas over time. This is partly because a newer, bigger, or better looking antenna always feels better. Even before something is used, especially if the "something new" involved effort or expense, we can "like" it and become emotionally invested in it. We want something new to work better, so we look for everything "good".

I credit a 7th and 8th grade science teacher for educating students about this phenomena. Early in school, a science teacher at Olney middle school in Northwood, Ohio demonstrated how easily and often false conclusions are reached, based on feelings about results or past performance memory. One year of science with Mr. Kohler, when I was 12 or 13 years old, changed how I look at many things in life. Because of Mr. Kohler, I almost always retain a reference or control, try to use direct measurements of what I actually want to know, and use multiple methods when possible. Mr. Kohler demonstrated how easy it was to reach false conclusions, unless we use valid measurements.

Most antenna myths and misconceptions, many making it into print in articles, come from repeating feelings or unsubstantiated claims, or are based on improper measurements or models. I've seen comparisons years apart, going on memory of how signals were on some other antenna that was long gone!

I presently have a great deal of room, with wiring in place to install multiple antennas, and reasonably good test equipment. This allows installation of multiple antenna systems at the same time, which allows direct comparisons over time, as well as measurements. I constantly refine antenna systems by comparing systems against each other for extended periods of time, usually more than a year.

there are more pictures and documents please go to link above


I found a great video which guides you through making a 10 meter dipole.
it really is excellent... easy to understand. and easy to do..

here is the link to the video:how to build a 10 meter dipole

if you like it please let me know....
if you hate it and know of a better one please let me know via the comments
just below this post.

thank you so much

Featured Post

JANUARY - 2021 GET OUT & SHOW HOBBY : PRO Digi Contest: 1200Z, Jan 16 to 1159Z, Jan 17 - Feld Hell Sprint: 2000Z, Jan 16 to 0559Z, Jan 17

2021 GET OUT  &  SHOW HOBBY  TO EVERYONE ************************************************************************* join the SLOW ...