YL.BEAM #33 April 2016



Contents:
CQWS - CQ World Scouts
World Amateur Radio Day
Ja-Well-No-Fine
Penguins
Heard Island
Marconi: Australian Memorial; Marconi in Uruguay; 29th International Marconi Day
Silent Key - Mary Ann Crider, WA3HUP
Calendar

CQWS - CQ World Scouts
An annual activity organized by the Union of Scouts Brazil UEB and recognized by the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM), aiming to promote the practice of Amateur Radio in Scouting, with the help of the Alumni, clubs and Associations experienced hams, promoting Scouting and preparing youth to use radio in supporting Scouting activities and Civil Defence.
14th CONTEST (2nd full weekend of April), 9 - 10 April 2016
UTC (13h00 GMT) on Saturday until 16h00 UTC (13h00 GMT) on Sunday. .
MODE AND BANDS SSB mode, on the bands of 80, 40, 20, 15 and 10 meters.

World Amateur Radio Day
April 18 is an Amateur Radio celebration, when we tell the world about the science we teach, the community service we can provide and the fun we have.
Amateur Radio pioneers met in Paris in 1925 and created the International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) to support Amateur Radio worldwide. April 18, recognizes this anniversary

Ja-Well-No-Fine
Radio is used to track penguins and Penguins form a link in this newsletter: they are found on Heard Island, which has generated a lot of DX excitment; and there is a colony on Phillips Island (Aus.) near the Marconi monument. A penguin swam past us when we were at anchor while visiting Punta del Este Este, Uruguay, a Marconi site. (Notice the similarity between Macaroni – penguin, and Marconi -man?)
Your Editor is suffering an identiy crisis at the moment having been allocated a new callsign. Fortunately I made contact with Heard Island as both ZS6YE (old) and ZS5YH (new).
Hope you enjoyed this newsletter, do appreciate hearing from you. Share your ideas with us. 33/88 Ed.

World Penguin Day April 25
The 25th of April marks the annual northwards migration of Adélie Penguins after spending the summer months on their breeding grounds in Antarctica. Like clockwork, the majority of the colony dives into the frigid waters and heads north to packed sea ice where they will overwinter in warmer conditions and fatten up for the breeding season in spring. This behaviour was first noticed by scientists working at the McMurdo Station in Antarctica, and the colony’s departure on this day every year ignited the notion of celebrating these flightless birds. Although there is no clear record on exactly when World Penguin Day first began, international festivities have been traced back to 2007. The day is used to create awareness and educate people on all species of penguins


Tracking Penguins
Electronic tags are commonly used to track animals as they migrate, or simply move around looking for food. Only in the last 15 years or so, have these instruments helped us to understand the range of an animal's habitat. These tags use information from Global Positioning Satellites (GPS) to record where it is at any given moment; but require a very large battery and are too large for an Adélie Penguin to carry. However, a much smaller one can simply store data to be retrieved later. The battery is smaller and, therefore, the instrument can be worn safely by a penguin. The memory chip in the instrument also records the time and date.
Two different kinds of tracking tags are used on Adelie Penguins: horizontally, over the surface of Earth to see where they go, and vertically, to see how deep they dive in the ocean.
1. Splash Tags. are medium-sized tags that are attached to the back of Adelie Penguins. Birds from nests with young chicks are selected, because the bird is committed to return and the tag can be retrieved. The tags are on the bird only a few days.
2. GLS tags. These tags are very small, with only a tiny battery (as in a hearing aid), and do not send a signal to a satellite. They are so small that they do not interfere with the penguin and can be comfortably worn, attached to a plastic leg band, for many months. These tags store information about where it is located twice a day for the entire time that the penguin is away from the colony, this can be for 9 months!! The penguins have to be found and captured the next year to remove the tag, and download the information into a computer.
Breeding Range of Macaroni Penguins covers: South Georgia, South Sandwich, South Orkneys, South Shetlands, Bouvet, Prince Edward, Marion, Crozet, Kerguelen, Heard, Falklands, Chile, Argentina and Antarctic Peninsula.
The Adélie penguin is a species of penguin common along the entire Antarctic coast, which is their only residence. Humboldt penguins are only found along the Pacific coast of South America.
The African Penguin is the only penguin species that breeds in Africa, and it is found nowhere else. Its distribution coincides roughly with the cold, nutrient rich, Benguela Current and by the availability of offshore islands as breeding sites.
The little penguin is the smallest species of penguin. In Australia, they are often called fairy penguins. In New Zealand, they are more commonly known as little blue penguins owing to their slate-blue plumage.
Mascots & logos - Linus Torvalds, the original creator of Linux (a popular operating system kernel), was once pecked by a little penguin while on holiday in Australia. Reportedly, this encounter encouraged Torvalds to select Tux as the official Linux mascot.

Heard Island expedition (Call-sign VKØEK)
is a major scientific/communications expedition to Heard Island, an Australian subAntarctic island lying at 53°S - 73°E. The island is extremely isolated and subject to extreme conditions; unoccupied and seldom visited. Nearly 1600 km from Antarctica and more than 3500 km from Africa, India, and Australia. 1,630 km south-east of Madagascar and 450 km south-east of the Kerguelen Islands, its closest neighbours in the Indian Ocean. The archipelago became a World Heritage Site in 1997; has no ports or harbours, ships must anchor offshore.
It has an active volcano (Big Ben) 2745 m; fast-moving, retreating glaciers; large seasonal populations of seals, penguins, and sea-birds; extensive areas of mosses, grasses, and other plants.
The islands have been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area because they support very large numbers of nesting sea-birds. Penguins are by far the most abundant birds on the islands, with four breeding species present: king, gentoo, macaroni and eastern rock-hopper.
A huge colony of macaroni penguins is located near Cape Lockyer on Heard Island, where they build nests on surprisingly steep slopes. Research was conducted on this colony during the 2003/04 expedition.
Heard Island is also well-known in the field of radio communications and the isolation of these islands present a challenge. One of the most sought-after activities is the temporary activation of such islands for making contacts with radio amateurs worldwide, an activity known as "DXing."
Hundreds of stations may be calling the DX-pedition at any one time (known as a 'pile-up') and many consider a contact with such islands a highlight of a lifetime of effort.
http://vk0ek.org/ great photo-essay on this site, be sure to visit it.

Local is Lekker: SARL Forum: Posted - 03/03/2016
“Aan al die Afrikaanse manne, die roepsein is nie VETKOEK nie”.


Marconi Memorial Australia
In 1859 an undersea telegraph cable was laid between mainland Australia and Tasmania but was erratic and lasted only 3 years. In July 1906, a technological sensation occurred when the first official wireless message was sent 215 miles across the sea to Tasmania. In July 2006 a re-enactment commemorated this event. A cairn marks the site of the re-enactment.
Point Lonsdale is 101 km south of Melbourne, at Queenscliff on the Bellarine Peninsula, over looking 'The Rip', the entry to Port Phillip Bay from the Bass Strait. The Lighthouse is at the end of Point Lonsdale Road and the memorial to Marconi is located on the foreshore. [AUS] GPS: Lat: 38.275928 S Long: 144.618331 E



Marconi in Uruguay
http://g4usb.net/IMD/station-histories/uruguay-cw1gm/ By Carlos Casatti, CX1BE.
Since 1908 there was in Punta del Este, Uruguay a station from “Río de la Plata Wireless Telegraph Marconi Company”, its headquarters in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The station in Punta del Este, call sign was MMO, covered 500 Km. and used two wavelengths: one of 600 meters to communicate with ships and the other of 1700 meters to communicate with Berna, Swiss.
In 1910 Marconi travelled to the Río de la Plata region to install a radio station powerful enough to connect South America with Europe.
In Argentina, Marconi together with engineer Mr. Round, received the firsts signals from a distance more than 9,500 Km. First they received signals from U.S.A. and then from Ireland. This was a duplication of the first transatlantic transmission.
When the station in Punta del Este was closed, Buenos Aires was chosen for the Marconi telegraph network and by 1925 it was possible to send a telegram practically to any part of the occidental world. In memory of Guglielmo Marconi (1874-1937) a bust was unveiled on 16 January 2009, at Punta del Este, in Uruguay.
On 22/04/2006 – RSG (Radiogrupo Sur) Uruguay, held their 1st International Marconi Day (IMD)
CW1GM is their Special Callsign for Int. Marconi Day .

29th International Marconi Day 23rd April 2016 - from 0000 to 2359 UTC on the day
Held on a Saturday close to Marconi’s birthday, when amateur radio stations around the world operate from locations celebrating original historic sites. more info: http://g4usb.net/IMD/imd

Silent Key - Mary Ann Crider, WA3HUP
died after a period of failing health. She was 91 and had been living in a nursing home for the past few years in Duncannon, Pennsylvania (USA).
Well-known former QSL manager for DX stations and a past manager of the W3 QSL Bureau. In 2005, the ARRL voted unanimously to name Crider the recipient of ARRL President’s Award.
DX chasers from the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s likely received DX QSL cards from stations for which she handled QSLing chores. Among other DX stations, Crider served as the QSL manager for JY1, King Hussein of Jordan, and she made several trips to Jordan to visit him.
She was licensed as a Novice in 1967 while she was in the US Air Force. Her late husband was W3GE (ex-W3HTO). Crider also was on the DXCC Honor Roll.

The views expressed do not necessarily reflect those of the YL Group, or the editor.
QRZ CONTACTS: zs6ye.yl@gmail.com zr6d@ymail.com
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Calendar
9 April SARL Autumn QRP Sprint
9-10 April CQ World Scouts 14th Contest (2nd full weekend of April),
from 16h00 UTC Sat. - 16h00 UTC Sun.
14-15 April MARITIME RADIO DAY (MRD) Thursday 1200z - 1200z Friday.
18 April World Amateur Radio Day
23 April IMD (International Marconi Day) Saturday close to Marconi’s birthday 25
23 April Vasco da Gama Ocean Race 400 NM / 23 April Pesach (1st day)
24 April ZS4 Sprint
25 April World-penguin-day / 25 April closing date for May Radio ZS articles
27 April Int. Morse Code Day / 27 April Freedom Day (holiday S Africa)
6 -8 May AWA Valve /AM/ SSB QSO Parties

Early notice to enable travel reservations:
May 20-22 SARL National Convention 2016, Vaal triangle,
hosted by the Sasolburg Amateur Radio Club.
May 27-29 Norfolk Island. - WIA 2016 - AGM
Oct 3-10 BYLARA (only 6 Months away)





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